openSUSE, originally S.u.S.E was created in 1992 in Germany by four 4 people: Thomas Fehr, Roland Dyroff, Hubert Mantel and Burchard Steinbild. The original meaning of the acronym was “Software und System-Entwicklung” or “Systems and software development” in English. It might have also been named after the computer pioneer, Konrad Zuse, who built the first electronic computing machine.
The company first began as a service provider offering manuals for Unix and Linux systems and software. They later decided that it was better to have their own distribution rather than correct the bugs of other distributions. They also believed that a better installation tool was necessary. SuSE developped YaST, a package manager which later became one of its strong features. The first S.u.S.E distribution was released in 1996. In 2004, Novell bought S.u.S.E and the company was named SUSE Linux. Later, in 2005 Novell decided to make the development of SUSE more open and launched the project OpenSUSE following the steps of RedHat’s community project initiative, the Fedora project.
The latest version of openSUSE as I write is the openSUSE leap 42.2. We will be installing this version of openSUSE on VirtualBox in this post.
- The first step is to get the .iso file from the official openSUSE site.
- A new virtual machine needs to be created on VirtualBox. If you do not have VirtualBox installed you can get it from this link. It is a free software 🙂 !
- Next, the amount of RAM that must be allocated to the Virtual Machine is chosen. For openSUSE I would recommend 2 GB since it will be running a GUI version.
- We will start by creating the virtual hard disk that will be used for the openSUSE installation.
- The next prompt allows the hard disk file type to be chosen. For this tutorial we will use the VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image). This is VirtualBox’s own container format for hard disks. VHD format is used by Microsoft and VMDK is used by other virtualisation products namely VMware.
- The storage we will choose is “Dynamically allocated” so that the virtual machine uses space on our physical disk only when it fills up.
- For this tutorial 8 Gb has been chosen for the hard disk but you may choose more. The disk space can also be modified later in the virtual machine settings.
- After going through these steps the preliminary setup of the virtual machine will be complete and the virtual machine’s details will be as follows:
- Launch the virtual machine by clicking on start and select the .iso file you downloaded.
- The installation process will start by displaying openSUSE’s logo
- The following screen will be displayed and you will need to choose “Installation” by using the arrow keys and by pressing enter
- The installation will be launched and you will need to wait for a little while. The following screens will be displayed :
- A system probing will be launched to find devices connected (in this case the virtual machine’s devices)
- The user License Agreement will be shown and as usual it needs to be accepted in order to continue.
- For this tutorial the online repositories have been chosen at installation. This will ease up updating software after the installation and also save the pain of manually adding the repositories later on. However, if you prefer to install the operating system faster you can do away with this option.
- A suggested system partitioning will be shown. It is better to leave the default settings for the first time. Advanced uses may edit the proposal setting or configure completely different partitions.
- The clock and time zone selection screen will then appear and chose them according to your location. This will help set your system clock as well as determine the nearest mirrors for downloading packages.
- The network will be automatically configured and the online repositories will be downloaded on the next screen.
- A list of repositories will be made available and you can make your choice of repositories. OSS is the main repository and is for open source software only. Non-OSS as the name suggests is for non open source software like Opera. Update is the repository for official bugfix and security updates for the OSS packages. Update. Non-OSS updates is for patching non free software. The other repositories are for Advanced users and developers.
- The previously chosen repositories will be added before continuing with the installation
- The main repository comes with a license agreement which need to accepted.
- For the GUI you get several options and for this tutorial we are going to use the KDE Plasma Desktop.
- The page for inserting user information then appears. It is better to have automatic login unticked for security reasons especially if you are installing openSUSE directly on your computer. If you want the root account to use different credentials untick “use this password for system administrator”
- The following screen summarizes the installation settings which may be modified. Again default settings have been chosen in this tutorial.
- Prompts will appear for package license agreements.
- There will be one final confirmation before the packages are installed and the filesystem is created.
- The installation will start and you may click on the details panel to view detailed installation progress.
- When installation is complete the virtual machine will be rebooted and you will need to choose boot from hard disk this time.
- Next choose openSUSE Leap 42.2 .
- The login screen will be presented. Enter your credentials.
And voila! You can now explore openSUSE!
You can leave comments right below if you have any difficulties installing the openSUSE distro. I will be very glad to help you out. You can also ask your questions or tutorials you would like to see.